In the same way water dampens the land and plants germinate, we walk following the teachings of our ancestors, sowing wisdom in our children and youngsters. We know that we live today in a complex and emergent human crisis, one reflected in our present social, political, and environmental relations. This leads us to question and rethink being and knowledge, and through this process, to become aware of the need to relearn how to think, to act and to walk in the world. However, due to their continuous search for understanding, domination, order, and control of their environment and themselves, human beings are undoing the structures of nature and speeding up its disequilibrium.
The model of society we currently inhabit makes us forget who we really are; it doesn’t let us grasp the depth of our essence or allow us to break through the frontiers of the unknown. At its root is an immense flow of information that has submerged us, harmful dietary habits that poison us, selfishness, lovelessness, and an utter lack of good sense that drives us towards unhealthy modes of living.
Today western civilization is broadly realizing that a large number of the assumptions it maintained for a long time are leading, from the point of view of the survival of the species, towards an unsustainable situation, especially in relation to environmental conditions. One of the main things indigenous societies possess which makes their thought of value is precisely a different way of conceiving of the relationship between society and nature, between humans and non-humans; a different way of understanding the link between humanity and the rest of the cosmos. This “other” way holds forth the possibility of balance, with all beings interacting and respecting each other; not only the elderly and the pajés,1 but everyone, including the youth and children.
Humanity needs to return to nature, placing all living beings on the same level; all connected, interrelated, interacting within an immense web. Along with history, science—that mode of knowledge based on the development of capacities slavishly following logic and reason—has fragmented, divided, and separated everything, resulting in the distance that exists today between human beings and nature.