Edition 3

Moving Away

Marcel Breuer, Collage „ein bauhaus-film“ 
in: bauhaus. zeitschrift für gestaltung, Nr. 1, 1926
Bauhaus-Archiv Berlin.

MP Ranjan, Bamboo Cube, n.d.
NID, FID storage + KMC Prototype.

Unknown Photographer, Photo of a Chinese woman
with tubular steel chair, ca. 1930s–40s
China Design Museum of CAA, Hangzhou.

Schweizer Staedtebauer bei den Sowjets, magazine cover
Hans Schmidt Estate, gta Archiv / eth Zürich.

Construyamos escuelas, 1947, magazine cover
Hannes Meyer Estate, Archiv der Moderne, Weimar.

Miguel Lawner, Esquema de relaciones – esquema de circulación 
published in: Edificación (1940), Miguel Lawner Archive.

Shanghai urban planning and design institute, The Explanatory Drawing
of "urban plan" made by Shanghai Urban Planning Commission Secretariat,
1940s, Private collection.

Konrad Püschel, Site plan of Hamhung, 1956
Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau.

University of Ife in Ile-Ife, Nigeria
by architects Arieh Sharon and Eldar Sharon
Arieh Sharon digital archive.

Lotte Stam-Beese, Studies for the region Rotterdam-Capelle aan den Ijssel
Het Nieuwe Instituut, © Ariane Stam.

●Edition Concept

Marcel Breuer’s collage, published in the magazine bauhaus. zeitschrift für gestaltung in 1926, propels the design of the chair into an unknown future. The Bauhaus philosophy was to invent and put into practice solutions based on progress, and, according to Breuer, adapt to a quickly changing environment. The edition Moving Away investigates how ideas about design inspired by the Bauhaus, in relation to individuals as well as the collective needs of society, evolved throughout the twentieth century. It traces Bauhaus ideas about design and architecture as they were translated, developed, adapted and renewed, including in the Soviet Union, China, Chile, India, North Korea, Hungary and Nigeria.


In each place, the design function was altered by the needs of a particular society and driven towards different ends. Moving Away explores the relationship between Bauhaus architects and the Soviet Union, part of a broader engagement by an international avant-garde, inspired by its revolutionary ideology or attracted by large-scale commissions. During the rule of Stalin, a second wave of migration of former Bauhauslers from the USSR to Latin America and Eastern Europe took place (Hungary, Mexico, Chile and later the German Democratic Republic (GDR)) where former Bauhaus architects resettled. In post-independence India, partly through an interaction with the Ulm School of Design (HfG Ulm), Bauhaus ideas can be traced in the curriculum of India’s National School of Design (NID) and the Industrial Design Centre (IDC). In the subcontinent, design was promoted through government policy and five-year plans. It was utilized as a development tool and catalyst for economic growth, intended to serve the needs of a non-affluent, mostly rural population, with designers often working with traditions and technical know-how built up over millennia. Through these and other examples, including a Bauhaus design reception in China, Moving Away questions the universal application of design solutions, but more importantly pinpoints its ideological implications as well as its relation to the politics of governmentality.


Through this historical lens, Moving Away enables a critical reflection on design today in a globalized world, both as a tool for the state and for economic forces, as well as for grassroots interventions into social processes.

●Related Articles
Walter Gropius und die chinesische Architektur

Der Transfer von architektonischem Wissen aus dem Westen in die Kolonien oder andere Dritte-Welt-Länder umfasst auch den Transfer durch zurückkehrende Studenten. Im Falle Chinas studierte ein Teil von ihnen studierte bei ehemaligen Bauhaus-Professoren wie Walter Gropius, Marcel Breuer oder Mies van der Rohe. → more

Als Stadtplaner und Städtebauer in Nordkorea

Februar 1955: Die Regierung der DDR entscheidet sich die Nordkoreaner beim Wiederaufbau der Städte Hamhung und Hungnam – beide fast vollständig im Koreakrieg von amerikanischen Bombern zerstört – zu unterstützen. Die Leitung der Stadtplanung übernimmt der ehemalige Bauhaus-Architekt Konrad Püschel. → more

CIAM 4 in Moscow — Preparation and Failure

The paper deals with the dramatic story of the preparation for (and subsequent failure of) the 4th Congrès internationaux d’architecture moderne (CIAM) conference in Moscow. The offer to host the congress in Moscow was made in 1929. Had it taken place in 1930 or 1931, the planned congress would have had an enormous impact.  → more

Architects' Congress

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India Report

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The NID was involved in a joint venture with the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad in the adoption for development of a group of villages in Rajasthan. Could local self-reliance emerge from a process of mutual learning between communities and other groups of people? The film shows how leather work and weaving emerged as the opportunity and basis for sustained group effort. → more

Moving Away, Hangzhou — Exhibition in China

The way in which a Bauhaus’s design ethos spread internationally, its institutional role and its evolution from within diverse cultures, forms the basis of the bauhaus imaginista exhibition Moving Away. The title indicates both the migration of Bauhaus ideas, as well as the distance produced by time and geography. → more

●Correspondent report
Weaving through Hangzhou and Moving Away

As a correspondent for the bauhaus imaginista project, I was invited to share my impressions and thoughts of the exhibition in Hangzhou. The following text and gif collage is a personal encounter with Moving Away and an attempt to capture the affective dimension of the exhibition. → more

Documentation of the exhibition installation in China

Documentation of the exhibition installation of bauhaus imaginsta: Moving Away at the China Design Museum of CAA in Hangzhou → more

●All Articles
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