The exhibition Moving Away focuses on how principles in design and architecture from the Bauhaus have been adapted, expanded and contested in different social and political contexts. These include the former Soviet Republics, India, North Korea and China. The title of the exhibition indicates how the migration of Bauhaus ideas was never a case of pure dissemination, but instead these ideas were accepted and rejected in relation to local conditions and against a backdrop of geopolitical change in the twentieth century.
bauhaus imaginista. Moving Away, New Delhi
- Kiran Nadar Museum of Art (KNMA)
- Goethe-Institut / Max Muelle Bhavan New Delhi
- The India International Centre (IIC) New Delhi
bauhaus imaginista: Moving Away, China Design Museum of CAA, Hangzhou
Photo: Liu Yongge, © Goethe-Institut.
Marcel Breuer’s filmstrip collage ein bauhaus-film. fünf jahre lang (a bauhaus film, five years long, 1926) provides the exhibition’s point of departure. It visualizes the development of the chair from crafted object to industrial prototype, towards a future where designed objects become obsolete. Breuer wrote that design must adapt to changing environments, which could be read as an argument against a universal set of forms and methods. Breuer’s collage was published in the Bauhaus Journal No 1, and the magazine’s contents introduce the basic principle of Bauhaus design, which go beyond individual objects to think about the building as a whole. This meant the development of new designs for cups, chairs, textiles, wall colours and flooring, through to campus architecture, houses and housing estates. The exhibition explores how these disciplines were integrated and related to the idea of social function and reform. Bauhaus ideas entered the Soviet Union, Asia and South America.
Moving Away at the Kiran Nadar Museum brings diverse Bauhaus genealogies together in an exhibition for the first time. Through this series of case studies it becomes possible to compare different responses to the Bauhaus, filtered through cultural translation and grounded in the conditions of a particular locality.
David Abraham, Fashion design and images for his diploma project at NID, 1980
© National Institute of Design, Knowledge Management Center, Archive collection.
The centenary project bauhaus imaginista provides with its symposium Moving Away – Bauhaus Pedagogy at the Goethe-Institut/Max-Mueller-Bhavan in New Delhi a unique opportunity to think about art and design pedagogy and its relation to society from a transnational perspective. While the Bauhaus is a basic reference, the aim is to avoid obscuring the other key educational projects of the twentieth century or to think only in terms of influence. While certain schools continued Bauhaus pedagogy through émigré figures, others developed in parallel or agonistically to the Bauhaus model. Drawing on the expertise of our research partners in India, the symposium in New Delhi, which accompanies the exhibition Moving Away, will address art and design education through contemporary and historical education examples from the sub-continent, looking at schools including Kala Bhavan Santiniketan, the Faculty of Fine Arts MSU Baroda and the National Institute of Design Ahmedabad.